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Understanding the 2 Main Types of Glaucoma

an elder woman wearing glasses and drinking teaGlaucoma is a serious eye disease that contributes to vision impairment or blindness in severe cases. The two main types of glaucoma include open-angle glaucoma and closed-angle glaucoma. Allow us to explain the symptoms of both and why these two types of glaucoma may occur:

Open-Angle Glaucoma

Nine out of 10 glaucoma sufferers deal with open-angle glaucoma, the most common type of glaucoma. This chronic disease affects roughly three million Americans. It gets its name due to wide angle formed by the iris and cornea. Because the drainage canals in the eye slowly begin to clog, eye pressure forms. This pressure is very serious, as it begins to damage your optic nerve within your eye. This damage may start to product symptoms such as:

  • Lack of pupil dilation
  • Loss of peripheral vision
  • Nausea
  • Redness in eyes
  • Reduced vision
  • Swollen cornea

These symptoms may go unnoticed for months or years, but the disease continues to take its toll on your eyes. That’s why it’s vital to see an eye doctor regularly so he or she can check for the presence of open-angle glaucoma.

The goal for treatment of open-angle glaucoma is to decrease the pressure being put on the eye. Certain medication may be able to help or, depending on the severity of the disease, glaucoma surgery may be necessary.

Closed-Angle Glaucoma

Although not as common as open-angle glaucoma, closed-angle glaucoma is severe, and symptoms may arise suddenly. Along with open-angle glaucoma, fluid is unable to drain properly due to pressure on the eyes. The iris and cornea are too close to each other, causing a closed angle. If you notice any of the following symptoms, seek help from an eyecare professional right away:

  • Blurred vision
  • Eye pain
  • Halos around lights
  • Nausea
  • Redness in eyes
  • Severe headache
  • Vomiting

Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the United States. To combat this debilitating disease, you must be proactive about your eye health!

Your Vision Eye Group Doctors are Here for You

Our knowledgeable doctors will gladly conduct an eye exam to check for the presence of glaucoma or any other issues that could become serious problems. We will answer all your questions and talk to you about the best treatment options. If you want to schedule a comprehensive eye exam, give us a call: 478-744-1710